For beginners: an introduction to the Finnish personal pronouns

Are you a beginner in Finnish? Check out these 3 forms for the personal pronouns. Trust me, you will need them.

 

The nominative

The first list shows you the most basic forms of the Finnish personal pronouns. You will use these forms when the pronoun is the subject, i.e. the 'doer', in the sentence. This case is called the nominative, and it's the most basic form of a word, the form that you find in dictionary entries. I've also included the verb olla, 'to be'. Learn these examples and you're off to a good start!

I've also included the spoken language versions ('puhekieli'). I figured including too many different spoken dialects would only confuse you, so I only used the dialect spoken in Helsinki area.

Scroll down to the end of the post for instructions how to get access to the audio.

 

Standard Finnish:

personal_pron_olla

Spoken language:

personal_pronouns_puhekieli
 
 

Personal pronouns as objects - the partitive and the accusative

The image below is about the personal pronouns in the partitive, which you often need to use when the pronoun is the object of the verb. For example. in the sentence
Hän rakastaa minua
'hän' is the subject, i.e. the person who loves. The object of the verb, i.e. the person who is loved, is 'minua'. 

 

Standard Finnish:

personal_pronouns_partitive

Spoken language:

personal_pronouns_partitive_puhekieli
 

Sometimes, when the personal pronoun is the object in the sentence, you may choose the accusative instead of the partitive (or the nominative).

You'll have to gradually learn which verbs take the partitive object and which verbs require the accusative, and you'll also learn when both cases or even the nominative can be used if a verb can take any of those cases. I chose the example verbs 'rakastaa' and 'muistaa' for this blog because 'rakastaa' requires the partitive 99% of the time, and 'muistaa' is usually used with the accusative.

Without going into too much semantic detail, here are some example sentences:

 

Standard Finnish:

personal_pronouns_accusative

Spoken language:

personal_pronouns_accusative_puhekieli
 

If you'd like to practise pronouncing these sentences, they can all be found in my free Resource Library under "Audio for blog posts". To sign up and receive a password for the Resource Library, click here.

 

Any questions, please let me know in the comments!

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